Prestonpans, Preston Cross

Market Cross

Site Name Prestonpans, Preston Cross

Classification Market Cross

Alternative Name(s) Preston Mercat Cross

Canmore ID 53728

Site Number NT37SE 8

NGR NT 39156 74045

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Ordnance Survey licence number 100020548. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council East Lothian
  • Parish Prestonpans
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District East Lothian
  • Former County East Lothian

Archaeology Notes

39156 74045

(NT 3915 7405) Cross (NR)

OS 6" map, (1966)

Preston Cross still stands where and as it was built, in the early 17th century. It consists of a circular structure, 14' in diameter and 12' high, with niches and a parapet, within which rises a tall oval sectioned shaft surmounted by a unicorn bearing a cartouche, on which is carved a lion. It was probably erected by the Hamiltons of Preston after they obtained the right to hold a fair in 1617.

There is an early 17th century fragment of a circular sandstone shaft, 2'2" in diameter and 3' high, built of two stones, some 30' E of the cross. Its workmanship and design are crude; the moulded circular base, 6 1/2" thick, lies beside the shaft.

The mouldings resemble those on the base of the cross and are probably derived therefrom.

RCAHMS 1924, visited 1919; V G Childe and W D Simpson 1954.

The cross is as described. The fragment of the shaft could not be found. The name 'Preston Cross' is in general use.

Visited by OS (RD) 4 January 1972.

Architecture Notes

NMRS REFERENCE:

PLANS:

For housing for E Lothian C.C.

Dick Peddie & MacKay, Edinburgh new

Bin 21, Bag 3 Dick Peddie, Todd & Jamieson

1937

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